Cystic acne laser treatment is a new and welcome solution to the problems caused by this painful skin condition. Laser procedures (including laser procedures) are precise and controlled entirely by the doctors. Lasers can be used to treat cystic acne itself, as well as the scarring it produces.
How Does Cystic Acne Laser Treatment Work?
Laser-based therapies for cystic acne penetrate the deeper layers of skin without harming the surface of the skin, called the epidermis. Smooth beam laser treatment is believed to damage the sebaceous or oil-producing glands of the skin, reducing oil production. Laser therapy is also though to attack the bacteria that cause cystic acne by increasing oxygen buildup thereby reducing the risk of further inflammation. In some cases, laser treatment for cystic acne scars burns off the scarred skin cells, which are then replaced by new, fresher-looking skin cells.
Types of Cystic Acne Laser Treatment
There are several types of cystic acne laser treatments, including bluelight therapy, ALA and light therapy, non-ablative laser treatments, and Erbium:YAG laser therapy.
- Bluelight laser therapy has been approved by the FDA, and uses a high-intensity, non-ulta-violet (UV), narrow-blue light to kill bacteria that cause cystic acne.
- ALA is a chemical that makes the skin more sensitive to light. It is applied to the skin and a light treatment is done an hour after application. Combined with light therapy, the chemical causes the treatment to be more effective and it works to expose a healthier layer of skin.
- Non-ablative lasers are less intense lasers that are used to work beneath the surface of the skin to stimulate skin regeneration, without burning off the top layer of skin. These lasers encourage collagen production and work to tighten the skin tissue itself, resulting in better-looking skin. This procedure, however, does not remove scars.
- Erbium:YAG laser therapy is deep-penetrating and the energy this laser produces is easily absorbed by the skin, and does no damage to normal skin. This treatment is also good for improving the appearance of scars.
A more recently developed laser is the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) laser, which is used to stimulate collagen production and vaporize scarred tissue leaving new skin behind. There are certain criteria a patient must meet in order to undergo this treatment.
As with any other treatment, there are pros and cons to any cystic acne laser treatment. Your dermatologist can help you understand this process better so you can choose the best treatment for your skin.